VRSQRT28PD — Approximation to the Reciprocal Square Root of Packed Double-Precision Floating-Point Values with Less Than 2^-28 Relative Error

Opcode/Instruction Op/En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
EVEX.512.66.0F38.W1 CC /r VRSQRT28PD zmm1 {k1}{z}, zmm2/m512/m64bcst {sae} A V/V AVX512ER Computes approximations to the Reciprocal square root (<2^-28 relative error) of the packed double-precision floating-point values from zmm2/m512/m64bcst and stores result in zmm1with writemask k1.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Tuple Type Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
A Full ModRM:reg (w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA


Computes the reciprocal square root of the float64 values in the source operand (the second operand) and store the results to the destination operand (the first operand). The approximate reciprocal is evaluated with less than 2^-28 of maximum relative error.

If any source element is NaN, the quietized NaN source value is returned for that element. Negative (non-zero) source numbers, as well as -∞, return the canonical NaN and set the Invalid Flag (#I).

A value of -0 must return -∞ and set the DivByZero flags (#Z). Negative numbers should return NaN and set the Invalid flag (#I). Note however that the instruction flush input denormals to zero of the same sign, so negative denormals return -∞ and set the DivByZero flag.

The source operand is a ZMM register, a 512-bit memory location or a 512-bit vector broadcasted from a 64-bit memory location. The destination operand is a ZMM register, conditionally updated using writemask k1.

EVEX.vvvv is reserved and must be 1111b otherwise instructions will #UD.

A numerically exact implementation of VRSQRT28xx can be found at https://software.intel.com/en-us/arti-



VRSQRT28PD (EVEX encoded versions)

(KL, VL) = (8, 512)
FOR j←0 TO KL-1
    i←j * 64
    IF k1[j] OR *no writemask* THEN
            IF (EVEX.b = 1) AND (SRC *is memory*)
                THEN DEST[i+63:i]←(1.0/ SQRT(SRC[63:0]));
                ELSE DEST[i+63:i]←(1.0/ SQRT(SRC[i+63:i]));
        IF *merging-masking* ; merging-masking
            THEN *DEST[i+63:i] remains unchanged*
            ELSE ; zeroing-masking
                DEST[i+63:i] ← 0
Input value Result value Comments
NAN QNAN(input) If (SRC = SNaN) then #I
X = 2-2n 2n
X<0 QNaN_Indefinite Including -INF
X = -0 or negative denormal -INF #Z
X = +0 or positive denormal +INF #Z
X = +INF +0
Table 6-39. VRSQRT28PD Special Cases

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

VRSQRT28PD __m512d _mm512_rsqrt28_round_pd(__m512d a, int sae);
VRSQRT28PD __m512d _mm512_mask_rsqrt28_round_pd(__m512d s, __mmask8 m,__m512d a, int sae);
VRSQRT28PD __m512d _mm512_maskz_rsqrt28_round_pd(__mmask8 m,__m512d a, int sae);

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

Invalid (if SNaN input), Divide-by-zero

Other Exceptions

See Exceptions Type E2.